Note that a R# above a Haiku title indicates revision number
and .## is check list compliance ratio (with options in divisor only
if in denominator). Checklist revised 7/12/2018. Haiku...
1) structure consists of lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllabets (Japanese 5-7-5
rhythm is counted in Japanese sounds and while the 5-7-5 English
syllable structure can be okay, modern English haiku now takes a 3-5-3
or 4-6-4 syllable form as 11-14 English syllables may contain a
similar amount of content as 17 Japanese sounds; another structure is
2-3-2 accented English syllables as this echoes the Japanese haiku
2) evokes a season.
3) image inspired (observation of a spiritual or moving moment, event,
condition or place).
4) synaethesia (perceptual phenomenon in which stimulation of one
sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary
experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway): synaethesia
might be developed via sense switching by speaking of the sensory
aspect of a thing and then changing to another sensory organ (i.e. "a
frog jumps into the sound of water").
5) simultaneously point to world & self.
6) karumi (lightness).
7) sabi (evokes beauty & sadness).
8) wabi (describes beauty of ordinary things).
9) wabi-sabi (zenness).
10) vast & minute natural scene with room for physical & inner
11) beauty in the physical placement of words (optional, especially
12) kiru: A "cutting" often represented by the juxtaposition of two
images or ideas.
13) kireji: (optional dash, ellipsis or conjunction in English) A
"cutting word" between the kiru which signals the moment.
of separation and colours the manner in which the juxtaposed elements
14) haiku has a life (revisions).
15) haiku has a base phrase and a superposed fragment ("the haiku core
is the base section whose task is to draw the reader unconditionally
into the world of the particular verse through an unexpected and
arresting configuration of words and is the kernel from which the
complete poem springs and upon which the success of the haiku
ultimately depends while the superposed section serves to orient the
reader to some of the many plausible meanings and images in the base
section and, in the most simple form, consists of a word with a fairly
fixed poetic essence - kigo or name of a famous place"). In the
fragment one may often dispense with the use of an article (and
sometimes the preposition) to leave the noun to stand alone (but not
so in the phrase which should sound smooth but break from the
16) journey: haiku is played out in steps, taking the reader on a
journey, anxious for successive lines. The first line might be
eye catching like a window into the image.
17) satori: experience or enlightenment when a person comprehends the
completeness, the oneness of all existence (i.e. commonalities amongst
18) shasei (a sketch from life, depicting a thing just as it is): a
sense of simplicity (in words, expression and/or meaning with the
beauty of form instead of ornamentation) and humility (natural
observation, using one, some or all senses, over feeling or thinking)
are keynotes of haiku. Abstractions are limited to one line,
allowing things to speak for themselves in the other two (or in all
three lines). Personification, capitalization and rhyme are
19) haiku is written in the present tense so the reader has the
feeling that the observed event is happening right now (but limit use
of gerunds (ings) and to be verbage).
20) caesura (break or pause) at the end of either the first or second
line, but not at both, and do not create one run-on sentence.
21) trinity: a third image illuminates the association, comparison or
contract of two other images. Consider zooming in from the first
to the second and then to the third image.
22) shubumi: use images that evoke classical elegant separateness
23) yugen: use images that evoke a mysterious aloneness (optional).
24) haiku might state the impossible in an ordinary way (optional).
25) end the haiku with a noun.
26) haiku is still - minimize verbs and avoid adverbs and don't use
more than one modifier per noun.
27) riddle - haiku may be expressed in a riddle (preferably in very
puzzling terms) (optional).
28) shasei: a sketch from life - to depict the thing just as it is.
29) haiku may utilize new or made up words (optional).
30) pivot - in a pivot the middle line acts as a gate that can swing
in either direction because the middle line is such that it can have
two meanings (optional).